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Rayonier #70: Rod Locomotive


By the early 1920's the Polson Brothers Logging Co. of Hoquiam, WA had built a large logging railroad system to provide logs to their mill in Hoquiam.  The base of railroad operations was called Railroad Camp. Here a roster of Shays, Climaxes and rod-type logging locomotives were maintained to provide a steady stream of logs to the dump at New

London. As the rail system grew in size the geared engines proved too slow for the long run to the dump.  Polson began buying rod-type engines such as 2-6-2 #45 in the early years to speed the mainline haul.  Many of the early rod-type engines used in logging were second-hand engines from mainline railroads of the area such the Northern Pacific.  While powerful and fast, these mainline engines often had large diameter tires for the gentle mainline grades. This limited the steepness of the grades and length of train in logging applications.

In 1922 Polson was in the market for a new logging locomotive to replace some of the worn-out engines they had acquired. Baldwin Locomotive Works was contacted for the order.  10 years earlier Baldwin had built a 70-ton 2-8-2 Mikado for the Saginaw Timber Co. of near-by Aberdeen, WA.  Polson's master mechanic was familiar with this engine and thought that would be just what he needed.  Polson ordered a 2-8-2 of their own as a nearly exact copy of the Saginaw Timber engine.  This became Polson #70.

The #70 worked well when she was delivered on the mainline log-haul between Railroad Camp and the New London Dump.  She was built with no superheating and with slide valves for ease of maintenance.  For 20 years she was one of Polson's primary engines.

In 1945 the Polson Brothers sold their logging operation to Rayonier Inc. The first thing that Rayonier did was to expand their railroad operations into new cutting areas even further from the log dump and to look for even larger locomotives to haul the longer trains on the mainline. The longer mainline trains could no longer be handled by the 70-ton #70. Since she was still in great mechanical shape and a fairly large engine she was used on work trains and a variety of other tasks.  She served in this roll until 1963 when Rayonier sold it

Rail fan Maynard Lang bought #70 in 1963 for use at the Puget Sound & Snoqualmie Falls RR Museum at Snoqualmie, WA.  The Northern Pacific towed #70 to Snoqualmie in 1965 and in a few years she was working at the museum pulling work trains and tourist trains.  She was used on and off for years at Snoqualmie until the Death of Mr. Lang in 1992.  A large estate sale was held in Seattle for Mr. Lang's sizable railroad memorabilia collection.  The star of the collection was #70.  She was purchased by the Mount Rainer Scenic RR and shipped to Mineral, WA to wait her turn in the restoration shop.  #70 is scheduled to be completed by the fall of 2003 and will be used to haul passengers.


This 70-ton Rod Engine was built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works of Philadelphia, PA. for the Polson Brothers Logging Company of Hoquiam, WA:

  • Construction Number:  55355

  • Date:  April, 1922

  • Cylinder Size:  18 X 24

  • Driver Diameter:  40

  • Boiler Pressure:  180 lbs.

  • Weight:  70 tons

  • Tractive Effort:  27,000 lbs.

Ownership History:

  • Polson Logging Company (#70) Hoquiam, Washington
  • Rayonier Inc. (#70) Hoquiam, Washington
  • Maynard Lang (#70) Snoqualmie, Washington
  • Mount Rainier Scenic Railroad (#70) Mineral, Washington

Photographs and information courtesy of Martin E. Hansen



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